For least seven key rare earths - including praseodymium, used in magnets, and yttrium, used in ceramics - China was a net importer in 2018 for the first time in more than 30 years.
China Mining News
Producing a single metric ton of steel in a blast furnace typically releases around 2.3 tons of carbon dioxide, not much less than you’d get from burning a ton of thermal coal for energy.
Miners wishing to resume operations or start new ones must conduct a study on the environmental impact of their activities before receiving licences.
More certainty is needed on the demand outlook before prices can lock in a definitive direction.
For years, such enterprises have survived on bank loans and local government backing, robbing more deserving companies of financial resources that could have otherwise contributed to local growth.
The steel and alumina contracts have the best chance of succeeding, according to analysts, traders and other industry sources.
The drop in futures mirrored weakness that has prevailed in the physical market since last week, as steel mills reduced output to comply with anti-smog measures.
President Donald Trump took a victory lap on Twitter Friday, saying aluminum prices are down about 12% since his tariffs were implemented.
Physical gold demand picked up pace in major Asian hubs this week, with bullion being sold at a premium for the first time in more than three months in India.
The world’s No.3 producer of the metal used in electric vehicle batteries said the candidates will be “fair” and “responsible toward shareholders”.
Smelter expansions have increased demand and competition for copper concentrate in China with imports nearing 2m tonnes in February.
Research by the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) projected that tin could be the metal with the most to gain.
The level 1 alert, the highest in China's four-tier pollution warning system, has been in place since March 1 and requires steel mills to curb output by 40%-70%.
Comments came after Reuters reported that Chinese customs authorities had stepped up environment and safety checks on foreign cargoes
Mills are also avoiding major suppliers like Vale, Rio Tinto, BHP Group and Fortescue Metals.
Gold priced in yen rose to its highest level in more than a year last week.
Refined metal has been flowing in significant quantities to China, reducing availability in the rest of the world.
China's coal consumption rose for a second year in a row in 2018, but coal's share of total energy consumption fell below 60 percent for the first time.
Recyclers can recover about 90 percent of the metal from catalytic converters in junked cars for a fraction of the cost of mining it.
It’s been a tough few weeks for Australia’s coal industry.
China's Dalian Commodity Exchange said on Tuesday it would allow individual foreign investors to trade iron ore futures on the bourse starting Wednesday.
One way or another, the end of the coal-export industry is looking inevitable.
Processing times for Australian coal shipments have expanded to close to 40 days from about 25 days at some ports.
The company is close to making a decision on developing Mina do Barroso mine, which could become the first European supplier of spodumene, a lithium-bearing mineral.
China's steel mills appeared reluctant to restock despite the supply outage from Brazil.