The Golden Decade

As gold hovers near $1,200 an ounce and pundits speculate about a "gold bubble," it is important for investors to remember that a mere decade ago the picture was very different.  In the year 2000, gold sat at an unimpressive annual average of $279 an ounce – a two decade low. At that time, most analysts thought that gold was finished as a monetary metal.  They said that its price would never recover and only kooks with tin hats would invest in it.


I was one of the very few financial commentators publicly saying that gold was not only viable, but also entering a long-term uptrend.

With the benefit of hindsight, we can all see that the consensus was wrong.  Gold has performed remarkably against the Dow, NASDAQ, and U.S. real estate.  I was able to confidently forecast this result because I ignore the "certainties" determined by Wall Street consensus and , instead, study the fundamental trends.

2000s – The Great American Centruy?

Ten years ago, the U.S. was the world's largest consumer of energy.  House prices were steadily appreciating nationwide.  The government was running a budget surplus and there was widespread consensus that the world had entered a permanent U.S. dominance.

Overseas, the euro was just getting to its feet.  No western country could even imagine facing default and the only BRICs anyone had heard of were the ones used to build houses.  These circumstances were extremely bearish for gold, especially as the dollar was at a multi-year high against other major currencies.

But I correctly perceived that this grand tapestry would quickly unravel.

The Tortoise and the Hare

China started moving toward a market economy in the late 1970s.  In the ensuing decades, its economy grew exponentially as more than a billion people won the economic freedom to compete in the world economy.  While others were stuck in the Cold War mentality of the U.S. versus the Soviet Union, where the Soviet's collapse guaranteed America's perpetual dominance, I was paying attention to this Chinese freighht train that was gaining on us at a million miles an hour.

I saw that while the entire Third World was embracing capitalism, the West was embracing ever more lavish entitlements, ever more debt, and was using inflation to pay for it all.  Developing economies were buying many of these new dollars, thus keeping the dollar index deceptively high; however, all chickens come home to roost and I knew this inflation would come back to aunt us.

Moreover, all the money-printing was creating tremendous distortions in the domestic economy, first the dot-com bubble, then the housing bubble, and also the financials bubble, all the way to the current treasuries bubble.

2010 – The Great American Collapse

Today, China is the world's largest consumer of energy.  American house prices are at generational lows.  Washington is running deficits in the trillions (an order of magnitude used only sarcastically back in 2000) and the U.S. is suspending military exercises because they might upset the Chinese government.

Since 2000, the euro has become the world's backup reserve currency, Icelands economy has collapsed, Greece has averted this fate only by the grace of its neighbors and savvy American investors have turned to the BRICs for growth and preservation of capital.

This transformation of the global economy and the turbulence that accompanies it has been bullish for gold.  We have now seen the yellow metal reach new nominal highs, causing former critics to go silent for a while, then to re-emerge claiming that there is a "gold bubble."

And when it comes to gold prices, two news items relating to China are warming investors; hearts.  Fist, China has again moved to liberalize further its domestic citizen's ability to purchase gold.  Chinese citizens are among the world's most avid savers, meaning that they will have plenty of money to invest in gold, which is what Beijing is telling them to do.

On August 16th, headlines declared that China was making the move to leapfrog Japan and become the world's second-largest economy. With those two catalysts and China's central bank, has traditionally held about 10% per annum, gold investors can gladly anticipate an early price breakthrough to new highs.

The People's Bank of China, China;s central bank, has traditionally held about 10% of its reserves in gold, making it a global heavyweight in the precious-metals sector.  But as that country's overall reserves zoomed past the $2 trillion mark in recent years, the percentage of those reserves held in gold declined sharply.  At the end of March, for instance, despite an increase in gold holdings to 1,054 metric tons, the yellow metal still only represented 1.5% of China's reserves.< Bubble or Bull?

In response to those who talk about a “gold bubble,” I will return to the only strategy that ever matters to long-term investors: analyzing the fundamentals. The truth is that the fundamental trends have not changed.

The U.S. government continues to add new spending programs(Obamacare, homebuyers tax credit, extended joblessbenefits) and new regulations (1099s for small transactions, banktaxes, credit card fee limits), undermining the U.S. competitivenessand driving the country deeper into debt. Although the eurohas grown up somewhat, it is still too young and too troubled totake the place of the dollar as the world’s reserve. The Chinese government has maintained a counterproductive peg betweenthe yuan and the dollar which is only beginning to be relaxed.This process would have to be completed before the Chinesecurrency could win reserve status.

In short, the dollar is closer than ever to collapse and there is no other national currency ready to take its place. I believe that the world may soon discover that there is no better alternative
than history’s proven money: gold.

Some might be familiar with these arguments and say that they are old hat. The same Wall Street analysts who missed the dot-com bubble and the real estate bubble are now warning
that gold has already had its run up and is way overvalued.

However, they were making this same argument back in 2006,with gold at $600/oz.

Meanwhile, in April of that year, I wrote a commentary with a few personal observations: none of my mining stocks had split, precious metals investors were not rubbing shoulders with real estate moguls or dot-com millionaires, and I was still running my gold investment division with only one employee. On TV, Flip That House was not followed by Deal That Gold. My taxi driver was not offering me hot bullion tips. In fact, nine out of ten people stopped on the street could not even guess the current price of gold within $200! And that is still the case today.

A Healthy Appetite for Gold

A decade after gold started its current bull run, we are still at half its inflation-adjusted peak. The run-up has been slow and orderly, with the price consolidated over the last three months at around $1,200. Dips like the recent drop below $1,160 have been correctly identified as bargain buying opportunities.

Despite a long rally without a major reversal, Wall Street aurophobes still refuse to see gold as a good investment; however, they were wrong on the fundamentals in 2000, and the fundamentals have not changed. As the world edges closer to the collapse of the US dollar system, gold prices have nowhere to go but up.

I continue to recommend that investors hold five to ten percent of their wealth in physical precious metals. Aside from the likelihood that gold and silver will rise in price, precious metals offer timeless benefits, such as financial privacy, elimination of counter-party risk (if you store them yourself), as well as protection from government confiscation, onerous securities regulation and punitive tax rates.

I recommend adding precious metals to your portfolio now, because those waiting for a big correction before coming aboard may just miss the train entirely.

* Peter Schiff is the CEO of Euro Pacific Precious Metals and author of the hit economic fable How an Economy Grows
and Why It Crashes.