Gold prices weaker on latest Greek bailout agreement, but demand for physical remains robust
Gold prices continue to remain under pressure after hitting a four-month low on Friday, as the dollar tumbled against the euro on signs of renewed optimism that Greece may secure fresh funding from its’ European creditors.
After a broad based commodity sell-off on Tuesday which saw the price of gold fall more than 2% hitting a four month low of $1,145 an ounce, the price of the yellow metal ended up on the week to settle at $1162.80 per ounce.
The sell-off last Tuesday was precipitated by the collapse of Chinese equities. And, since China is the world’s biggest importer of raw commodities, weaker growth expectations is spooking the markets and there seems to be spill-over effect into precious metals.
The Shanghai Composite Index has now plummeted by around 30% since June 12. Chinese small-caps have fallen even harder. The ChiNext Index, which tracks mostly fast-growing Chinese tech companies, is down 40% from its all-time high set on June 3.
The Shanghai Composite Index has shed more than $3 trillion in asset value in less than a month. China’s losses are double the size of Australia’s entire stock market. However, it must be noted that Chinese stocks have risen 152% in the past twelve months before the crash began. But the problem is that more than 80% of the shares are owned by unsophisticated retail investors who buy on margin.
Since last Wednesday's stock market plunge, the Chinese stock market ended the week ahead. By Friday and the benchmark Shanghai Composite index had gained 5% from the previous Friday's close.
The increase followed a series of extraordinary interventions by the government. In an effort to prop up prices, Chinese regulators are trying every trick in the book to stop the crash. They’ve banned short selling. They’ve suspended all upcoming initial public offerings. And they’ve even halted trading on 51% of Mainland Chinese stocks. As a result, investors own $2.2 trillion worth of Chinese stocks that they cannot sell.
Even with the rebound, $3.1 trillion in market value, much of it financed with borrowed money, has been erased since mid-June. Many experts worry about the damage to the Chinese economy, particularly if stocks continue to fall. Consumer confidence could suffer, weighing on the country's growth and on economies elsewhere that depend on exports to China.
With regard to the Greek financial crisis and at the time of writing, after more than 17 hours of negotiations, Greece reached a deal with its European creditors on Monday, pledging stringent austerity to avoid an exit from the euro.
The agreement will give Greece the chance to receive its third international bailout in five years, a package of as much as 86 billion euros, or $96 billion, as well as easier repayment terms on some of its existing debt of more than €300 billion and a short-term economic stimulus plan.
But, it will require Greece to accept a wide array of measures, including pension cuts and tax increases, and effectively subject itself to intensive international oversight in order to qualify for the aid.
“Trust has to be rebuilt, the Greek authorities have to take on responsibility for what they agreed to,” German Chancellor Angela Merkel said after the meeting ended just before 9 a.m. in Brussels Monday. “It now hinges on step-by-step implementation of what we agreed.”
While the summit agreement averted a worst-case outcome for Greece, it only established the basis for negotiations on an aid package, which would also include 25 billion euros to recapitalize its weakened financial system.
With Greece running out of money and its banks shut the past two weeks, the summit was billed as its last chance to stay in the euro. Greece has been in financial limbo since the government missed a payment to the International Monetary Fund and allowed its second rescue package to lapse on June 30.
Even though the first two Greek bailouts were clear failures, European politicians now believe that the third bailout is going to change things. Greece’s debt mountain has grown larger only making its problems even worse. As Greece is already bankrupt, how do these financial leaders expect to be paid back?
After months of taking a hard-line approach asking for debt relief to reduce Greece's debt mountain, by capitulating to EU demands, Tsipras is now agreeing to terms even harsher than what he had turned down before.
The Greek crisis has not been resolved and the can has been kicked down the road, yet once again.
In a speech on Friday to the City Club of Cleveland, Federal Reserve Chair Janet Yellen suggested that an interest rate hike may come before the end of the year.
"Based on my outlook, I expect that it will be appropriate at some point later this year to take the first step to raise the federal funds rate and thus begin normalizing monetary policy," Yellen said in prepared remarks. "I want to emphasize that the course of the economy and inflation remains highly uncertain, and unanticipated developments could delay or accelerate this first step."
Earlier this year, market participants speculated that a rate hike would come in June. However, the general consensus seems to be that the Fed will delay any rate hikes until January 2016, though many doubt it will take that long.
Although most economists had expected that the U.S. central bank would raise interest rates as early as June and then September, an increasing number of analysts and traders doubt any rate hikes will happen until January 2016.
Puerto Rico will certainly be on the Fed’s radar going forward. The unincorporated U.S. territory, officially a commonwealth, is struggling with a mounting debt load of nearly $72 billion, which it says it is unable to pay.
Once again, investors remain perplexed about the price action of gold, especially after Greece defaulted on its debt owed to the International Monetary Fund and imposed bank closures and capital controls amid its debt crisis.
It seems the reasons for this have been the strong dollar which many investors have turned to as a safe-haven…and, the apparent price manipulation by bullion banks using Comex.
But, it is unlikely that the price of the yellow metal will remain suppressed for too long as global demand for gold remains strong despite the recent price dip in U.S. dollar terms.
Using the latest statistics provided by the Shanghai Gold Exchange, one can infer that Chinese demand is at record levels for midyear.
According to Lawrence Williams latest figures out of the Shanghai Gold Exchange show that Chinese H1 gold withdrawals are running even higher than in the record 2013 year.
“With a latest week (to June 26th) total of 46.167 tonnes of gold withdrawn from the Shanghai Gold Exchange — again a high level for the time of year — the total for the year-to-date has reached a massive 1,162 tonnes, and assuming withdrawals from the SGE have continued at around the same rate in the final two trading days of the month, we can probably add another 18 tonnes to make gold demand for the full six-month period, as represented by SGE withdrawals, 1,180 tonnes. This will comfortably be a new record for the first half of the year — the previous record was in 2013, with just under 1,100 tonnes withdrawn in H1, and when the full-year figure was 1,197 tonnes.”
In Germany one of the major retailers, Degussa is reporting a 50% increase in its sales in the first half of 2015 versus the same period in 2014, citing the ongoing uncertainty of investors with respect to the fragile financial markets as the reason.
“Whilst the acute crisis in Greece is the most important driver for gold demand in Germany at the moment, other reasons have been the general weakness of the euro, which started already at the beginning of the year, as well as the zero interest rate environment,” said CEO Wolfgang Wrzesniok-Rossbach.
Meanwhile, the United States Mint reported that sales of their Gold Eagles during last week alone have topped the monthly totals logged in February, March, April and May. In the latest weekly bullion sales report, sales of gold coins soared by 60,000 ounces after last week’s pick up of 33,000 ounces. Weekly splits include 54,500 ounces in American Gold Eagles compared to 25,500 previously and 5,500 ounces in American Gold Buffalo coins compared to 7,500 ounces previously. So, despite what the mainstream media is reporting, gold remains in high demand in many parts of the world.
And, as I have mentioned countless times the world is drowning in debt and the implications of this are obvious. We are either going to experience a debt deflation driven depression or we will experience a complete collapse of the current currency system, and some form of hyperinflation.
People have been buying gold and silver to protect their wealth from monetary crisis for thousands of years. It’s the only way to keep your wealth safe when banks close, stock markets crash, and the government won’t let you touch your own money.
About the author
David Levenstein is a leading expert on investing in precious metals . Although he began trading silver through the LME in 1980, over the years he has dealt with gold, silver, platinum and palladium. He has traded and invested in bullion, bullion coins, mining shares, exchange traded funds, as well as futures for his personal account as well as for clients.
His articles and commentaries on precious metals have been published in dozens of newspapers, publications and websites both locally as well as internationally. He has been a featured guest on numerous radio and TV shows, and is a regular guest on JSE Direct, a premier radio business channel in South Africa. The largest gold refinery in the world use his daily and weekly commentaries on gold.
David has lived and worked in Johannesburg, Los Angeles, London, Hong Kong, Bangkok, and Bali.
For more information go to: www.lakeshoretrading.co.za
Information contained herein has been obtained from sources believed to be reliable, but there is no guarantee as to completeness or accuracy. Any opinions expressed herein are statements of our judgment as of this date and are subject to change without notice.