Zimbabwe targets government wage bill to rein in state spending

Zimbabwean Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube (Image from UNCTAD on Flickr)

Zimbabwean Finance Minister Mthuli Ncube cut civil servants’ pay and announced a series of other steps to reduce the government’s bloated wage bill.

Ncube, a University of Cambridge-trained economist appointed in September, presented his first budget on Thursday as he seeks to repair an economy hobbled by decades of mismanagement under former President Robert Mugabe. The International Monetary Fund estimates the state’s wage bill consumes more than 90 percent of government revenue.

“Against a background of a structural imbalance in the composition of budget expenditure, wherein the wage bill accounts for a disproportionate share, re-balancing of expenditures is critical,” Ncube said. He announced the following measures to contain spending:

Cut senior civil servants’ remuneration by 5% Calculate annual bonus using only basic pay, instead of including housing and transport allowances Close eight of its foreign-service missions Terminate the employment of thousands of so-called youth officersThe steps will help the government contain expenditure in 2019, which is forecast at $8.16 billion, unchanged from this year, Ncube said. Revenue is forecast to grow 25 percent to a projected $6 billion, reducing the deficit by more than half to 5 percent of gross domestic product, from 11.7 percent, he said.

$ billion 2017 (Est.) 2018 2019 2020 2021 Total revenue 3.87 5.30 6.60 7.49 8.56 Total spending 6.39 8.16 8.16 8.98 9.82 Budget deficit (%) 11.7 11.7 5 4.1 2.9 Total financing 2.41 6.12 6.47 2.68 2.02 GDP 4.7 4 3.1 7.5 7.7 Inflation (% at end period) -3.4 25.9 5 5.5 5.8Ncube also cut the Treasury’s growth forecast for this year, citing a foreign-exchange shortage that’s curbed mining and manufacturing output.

Growth this year is expected to be 4 percent, compared with a forecast of 6.3 percent he announced last month.

“During the last half of the year, there was a noticeable growth slowdown associated with foreign-currency supply and allocation challenges, exchange-rate misalignment, inflationary pressures and rebasing effect,” Ncube said. “The most affected sectors include mining, manufacturing and services.”

(By Desmond Kumbuka and Godfrey Marawanyika)


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