In Business risks facing mining and metals the analysts claim that 2014 has been the year in which CEOs begin to realize that regaining lost productivity is critical for long-term profitability.
The study acknowledges that the major industry players have made steady progress on capital management and optimizations, following a spate of asset write downs that peaked last year.
However the report notes that when it comes to capital challenges little has changed in the past 12 months for many juniors and explorers.
Bruce Sprague, EY’s Canadian Mining & Metals leader, says that the need for a social license to operate has become critical, as the number and size of projects being delayed or stopped by community and environmental activists continues to rise.
Access to water and energy is the only new entrant to this year’s risks list. Burgeoning energy costs and competing water demands in many regions, particularly Chile, Peru, South Africa and Mongolia are starting to have a bigger impact on costs and companies’ ability to operate.
Mining companies spent US$11.9 billion on water infrastructure globally last year alone — a 250% increase over 2009. And global energy prices have leapt 260% since 2000..
“Risks in the sector continue to shift in ranking but they all remain key priorities for companies,” says Sprague.
Global demand for energy is expected to increase 36% by 2025, and with falling ore grades, this risk is higher every passing year, EY explains. As a consequence, the mining industry faces higher energy prices and volatility.
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