Copper prices rallied on Friday after predictions that Chinese imports of scrap metal are likely to fall by half, forcing the country to up cargoes of concentrate and unwrought copper, which are already at record levels.
Copper for delivery in December trading in New York exchanged hands for $3.0525 per pound ($6,730 a tonne) in midday trade, up 1.8% from yesterday’s settlement and not far off two-year highs struck at the beginning of the month.
China consumes more copper than the rest of the world combined and Reuters reports the China Nonferrous Metals Industry Association told a conference on Friday that imports of secondary copper could halve in 2020, from just under 1.5 million tonnes last year.
The country wants to eliminate imports of what it deems “foreign waste” and has implemented a strict quota system.
In a recent research report, Roskill called scrap the most vulnerable link in the global supply chain and said Chinese importers’ attempts at diversification by buying more ingot and copper granules have only had limited success, forcing importers to buy cathode from the rest of the world, where metal demand has slumped.
Jonathan Barnes, associate consultant for copper at the London-based metal and minerals researcher, noted regulations set for June that would have classified copper scrap as a “renewable resource” to enable refiners to skirt regulations have been delayed indefinitely.
Barnes says on top of that several major shipping lines are refusing to transport scrap, fearing liability for return shipment if containerized cargoes are rejected by Chinese customs.
Barnes says while the effects of covid-19 could decrease world consumption of the metal by 3%–4% this year, the drop in mine output and scrap flows has been greater.
Customs data show China’s unwrought copper imports (anodes and cathodes) in August declined to 668,486 tonnes from July’s record haul of 762,211 tonnes, but still up 65% from August last year.
Year to date imports now total 4.27m tonnes, up 38% from 2019 and on track to easily beat 2018’s annual record of 5.3m tonnes.
At the same time, concentrate supplies from South America, where China sources the bulk of its mined copper, have been disrupted due to covid.
August imports of copper concentrate fell by more than 12% from the same month last year to 1.59m tonnes on lingering supply disruptions from Peru and Chile.