Financing options open to Australia’s coal operators dwindled further after another of the country’s largest banks said it would end almost all investment in thermal mines and power stations by 2030.
The move by Australia and New Zealand Banking Group Ltd. will add to the increasing difficulty miners face in funding new operations or expanding their existing assets in the nation, the world’s second-biggest exporter of thermal coal.
Financial institutions across the globe are bowing to pressure from shareholders and lobby groups to avoid investments in the fuel. Meanwhile, Australia’s mining lobby forecasts a booming market, on Tuesday saying that it expects Asian demand to rise 35% over the next decade.
As of now, ANZ will not take on any new business customers with thermal coal exposure amounting to more than 10% of total revenue, and will work with existing clients which have over 50% exposure to support their diversification plans, the bank said in its 2020 climate statement published Thursday. It will also limit financing in power generation to natural gas and renewable projects by 2030.
“There is no question that people deploying capital, be it in equity or debt, are looking for companies to be more carbon focused, around how you’re moving to reduce that carbon footprint,” said Mark Whelan, ANZ Group Executive, Institutional, in a phone interview. The bank’s direct exposure to thermal coal mines and coal power generation had already been reduced to 0.1% of the portfolio, or around A$500 million, he said.
Thermal coal remains an important export for Australia, generating A$20 billion ($14 billion) of revenue in the year to June. ANZ is the last of Australia’s big four banks to set a date for exiting direct thermal coal investments, after Westpac Banking Corp. and Commonwealth Bank of Australia said they plan to be out by 2030 and National Australia Bank Ltd. targeted a 2035 exit.
Meanwhile, Japanese banks, among the world’s biggest lenders to coal power developers, are paring back their exposure, leaving the industry to turn elsewhere in search of funding.
“The banks in Australia are continuing to hard-wire carbon risk considerations into their lending,” said Emma Herd, chief executive officer at the Investor Group on Climate Change, which represents institutional investors with total funds under management of more than A$2 trillion. ANZ’s statement appeared to strike a balance between reducing the bank’s exposure to coal, while also retaining some financial leverage in the sector to be able to influence change, she said.
ANZ did not make any commitment to reduce its involvement in metallurgical coal, an even more valuable export for Australia, with Whelan saying that alternative feedstocks for steel-making were not yet commercially viable. The bank said it would support the transition to a net zero emissions economy by providing at least A$50 billion in funding by 2025 to customers to help finance carbon reduction efforts and that it would source 100% of its own power from renewable sources by the same date.
(By James Thornhill, with assistance from Matthew Burgess)