Investors have taken a shine to platinum.
Long-only exchange-traded funds focused on the precious metal used to curb emissions from diesel cars attracted $850 million this year through Monday, the biggest annual inflow. Hedge funds and other large speculators boosted their bullish bets on platinum to the highest in more than three years.
Platinum had fallen out of favor among investors after Volkswagen AG’s emissions-cheating scandal in 2015 prompted commuters to turn away from diesel vehicles. The market has overestimated the decline in demand for autocatalysts, as stricter emissions standards required higher loading of the precious metal, Ryan McKay, TD Securities commodity strategist, said in a phone interview.
“Platinum was very under-invested in 2017 and 2018 and that was very much due to the thoughts on diesel” after the emissions scandal, McKay said. “Investors started to take more of a liking to platinum this year. Its strong correlation with gold has certainly helped. That’s another driver in the ETF as well.”
In the third quarter, the number of diesel cars registered across the European Union, the largest market for such vehicles, fell by 14% to 1 million units, taking the segment’s share of the auto industry below 30%, European Automobile Manufacturers Association, said in a report in November.
The so-called platinum group metals, which includes palladium and rhodium, will remain in shortage this year as tighter emissions standards offset soft auto demand, Morgan Stanley analysts including Susan Bates said in a note in early December. The supply imbalance may result in substitution that could be the “most likely cure for platinum’s large surplus” of about 871,000 ounces, they said.
Platinum, which is also used in jewelry, has traded at a premium to gold until 2014. As prices of precious metals fell across the board, the growing popularity of gasoline-fueled vehicles as a result of the scandal pushed prices of palladium above platinum by 2017. Platinum is now starting to catch up with its peers, with prices climbing 8.6% in December.
By 2025, about 850,000 ounces of palladium used in autocatalysts could be substituted with platinum, “thereby rebalancing both markets,” Morgan Stanley said on Dec. 11.
Platinum futures for April delivery rose 1.3% to settle at $977.80 an ounce at 1:05 p.m. Friday on the New York Mercantile Exchange, taking this year’s gains for a most-active contract to 22%. Palladium rose 1.5% to $1,909.30 an ounce, a 59% surge this year. Gold futures added 0.3% to $1.523.10 an ounce.
(By Yvonne Yue Li)