Covid-19 cuts $280bn swathe through top 50 mining companies

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MINING.COM’s ranking of the world’s 50 largest mining companies based on market value shows a beleaguered industry at the end of the first quarter 2020, despite a resurgent gold price and robust precious metals M&A activity.

Covid-19 cuts $280bn swathe through top 50 mining companies

At the end of 2019, the MINING.COM TOP 50 had a combined market value within shouting distance of $1 trillion after adding nearly $160 billion in market capitalization over the course of the year.

During this quarter the top 10 alone lost a combined $170bn in market value despite Newmont and Barrick holding steady on the back of a surging gold price.  Among the big caps Glencore’s bad run continues and the Swiss giant with a 50% drop in market value is now ranked the world’s ninth most valuable mining company – little over two years ago it’s top 3 spot seemed secure. Another prominent European name, Polish copper company KGHM, drops out of the Top 50 altogether. 

Covid-19 cuts $280bn swathe through top 50 mining companies

Russia’s largest gold producer Polyus was the quarter’s best performer and the only company with double digit gains in dollar terms (it was up 50% in Moscow). St Petersburg-based Polymetal jumped 13 positions in the ranking and despite losing $7bn potash giant Uralkali, Russian firms combined value climbed on a relative basis during the quarter, now constituting nearly 10% of the ranking. 

Evolution Mining’s entry at no 43 brings the number of Australian miners in the top 50 to six while another newcomer from the gold sector, China’s Zhaojin Mining, increases that country’s tally to eight companies with a combined value of $56.5 billion. 

Canada’s B2Gold became a Top 50 company for the first time, just edging out top uranium miner Cameco for the final spot and bringing the number of gold companies in the ranking to 20.  Combined, primary gold producers are worth $164 billion. 

India’s majors also continue to struggle with industrial metals focused Vedanta dropping a whopping 16 places to no 49 with a market value of $3.2 billion, joining Hyderabad’s NMDC at the bottom of the ranking.   Vedanta has been on a wild ride peaking at no 12 in with a value north of $18 billion. The world’s largest coal producer, India Coal, was the world’s fourth most valuable mining company in 2016, but today languishes in the mid-tier.

Covid-19 cuts $280bn swathe through top 50 mining companies


Source: MINING.COM, MiningIntelligence, Morningstar, GoogleFinance, company reports. Trading data from primary-listed exchange where applicable, currency cross-rates Jul 1 2020. *Percentage change based on US$ market cap difference, not exchange price in local currency.

As with any ranking, criteria for inclusion are contentious issues. We decided to exclude unlisted and state-owned enterprises at the outset due to a lack of information. That, of course, excludes giants like Chile’s Codelco, Uzbekistan’s Navoi Mining, which owns the world’s largest gold mine, Eurochem, a major potash firm, trader Trafigura, top uranium producer Kazatomprom and numerous entities in China and developing countries around the world.

Another central criterion was the depth of involvement in the industry before an enterprise can rightfully be called a mining company.

For instance, should smelter companies or commodity traders that own minority stakes in mining assets be included, especially if these investments have no operational component or not even warrant a seat on the board?

This is a common structure in Asia and excluding these types of companies removed well-known names like Japan’s Marubeni and Mitsui, Korea Zinc and Chile’s Copec. Levels of operational involvement and size of shareholding was another central consideration. Do streaming and royalty companies that receive metals from mining operations without shareholding qualify or are they just specialized financing vehicles? We included Franco Nevada, Royal Gold  and Wheaton Precious Metals.

What about diversified companies such as BHP or Teck with substantial oil and gas assets? Or oil sands companies that use conventional mining methods to extract bitumen for that matter? Vertically integrated concerns like Alcoa and energy companies such as Shenhua Energy where power, ports and railways make up a large portion of revenues pose a problem as does diversified companies such as Anglo American with separately listed majority-owned subsidiaries. We’ve included Angloplat in the ranking as well as Kumba Iron Ore.

Chemical companies are also problematic – should Albemarle not be ranked because its potash and lithium operations are such a small part of its overall revenues? The same issue applied to FMC before it spun off its lithium business.  

Many steelmakers own and often operate iron ore and other metal mines, but in the interest of balance and diversity we excluded the steel industry, and with that many companies that have substantial mining assets including giants like ArcelorMittal, Magnitogorsk, Ternium, Baosteel and many others.

Head office refers to operational headquarters wherever applicable, for example BHP and Rio Tinto are shown as Melbourne, Australia but Antofagasta is the exception that proves the rule. We consider the company’s HQ to be in London, where it has been listed since the late 1800s.

Trading data from primary listing exchange and currency cross-rates at the date of publication. Market capitalization calculated at primary exchange, where applicable from total share outstanding, not only free-floating shares.

Please let us know of any omissions, deletions or additions to the ranking or suggest a different methodology.